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|Description||9-W STEREO CLASS-D AUDIO POWER AMPLFIER WITH DC VOLUME CONTROL|
|TPA3002D2 Datasheet PDF : 41 Pages |
SLOS402C − DECEMBER 2002 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
20 Hz − 20 kHz
(a) Basic Class-AB
20 Hz − 20 kHz
† For efficiency measurements with filter-free class-D amplifiers, RL should be an inductive load like a
(b) Filter-Free and Traditional Class-D
Figure 40. Audio Measurement Systems
The TPA3002D2 uses a modulation scheme that does not require an output filter for operation, but they do
sometimes require an RC low-pass filter when making measurements. This is because some analyzer inputs
cannot accurately process the rapidly changing square-wave output and therefore record an extremely high
level of distortion. The RC low-pass measurement filter is used to remove the modulated waveforms so the
analyzer can measure the output sine wave.
DIFFERENTIAL INPUT AND BTL OUTPUT
All of the class-D APAs and many class-AB APAs have differential inputs and bridge-tied load (BTL) outputs.
Differential inputs have two input pins per channel and amplify the difference in voltage between the pins.
Differential inputs reduce the common-mode noise and distortion of the input circuit. BTL is a term commonly
used in audio to describe differential outputs. BTL outputs have two output pins providing voltages that are 180
degrees out of phase. The load is connected between these pins. This has the added benefits of quadrupling
the output power to the load and eliminating a dc blocking capacitor.
A block diagram of the measurement circuit is shown in Figure 41. The differential input is a balanced input,
meaning the positive (+) and negative (−) pins will have the same impedance to ground. Similarly, the BTL output
equates to a balanced output.
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