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7101Q View Datasheet(PDF) - Texas Instruments

Part NameDescriptionManufacturer
7101Q LOW-DROPOUT VOLTAGE REGULATORS Texas-Instruments
Texas Instruments Texas-Instruments
7101Q Datasheet PDF : 39 Pages
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TPS7101Q, TPS7133Q, TPS7148Q, TPS7150Q
TPS7101Y, TPS7133Y, TPS7148Y, TPS7150Y
LOW-DROPOUT VOLTAGE REGULATORS
SLVS092G NOVEMBER 1994 REVISED JANUARY 2003
APPLICATION INFORMATION
The TPS71xx series of low-dropout (LDO) regulators is designed to overcome many of the shortcomings of
earlier-generation LDOs, while adding features such as a power-saving shutdown mode and a power-good
indicator. The TPS71xx family includes three fixed-output voltage regulators: the TPS7133 (3.3 V), the
TPS7148 (4.85 V), and the TPS7150 (5 V). The family also offers an adjustable device, the TPS7101 (adjustable
from 1.2 V to 9.75 V).
device operation
The TPS71xx, unlike many other LDOs, features very low quiescent currents that remain virtually constant even
with varying loads. Conventional LDO regulators use a pnp-pass element, the base current of which is directly
proportional to the load current through the regulator (IB = IC/β). Close examination of the data sheets reveals
that those devices are typically specified under near no-load conditions; actual operating currents are much
higher as evidenced by typical quiescent current versus load current curves. The TPS71xx uses a PMOS
transistor to pass current; because the gate of the PMOS element is voltage driven, operating currents are low
and invariable over the full load range. The TPS71xx specifications reflect actual performance under load.
Another pitfall associated with the pnp-pass element is its tendency to saturate when the device goes into
dropout. The resulting drop in β forces an increase in IB to maintain the load. During power up, this translates
to large start-up currents. Systems with limited supply current may fail to start up. In battery-powered systems,
it means rapid battery discharge when the voltage decays below the minimum required for regulation. The
TPS71xx quiescent current remains low even when the regulator drops out, eliminating both problems.
Included in the TPS71xx family is a 4.85-V regulator, the TPS7148. Designed specifically for 5-V cellular
systems, its 4.85-V output, regulated to within ± 2%, allows for operation within the low-end limit of 5-V systems
specified to ± 5% tolerance; therefore, maximum regulated operating lifetime is obtained from a battery pack
before the device drops out, adding crucial talk minutes between charges.
The TPS71xx family also features a shutdown mode that places the output in the high-impedance state
(essentially equal to the feedback-divider resistance) and reduces quiescent current to under 2 µA. If the
shutdown feature is not used, EN should be tied to ground. Response to an enable transition is quick; regulated
output voltage is reestablished in typically 120 µs.
minimum load requirements
The TPS71xx family is stable even at zero load; no minimum load is required for operation.
SENSE-pin connection
The SENSE pin of fixed-output devices must be connected to the regulator output for proper functioning of the
regulator. Normally, this connection should be as short as possible; however, the connection can be made near
a critical circuit (remote sense) to improve performance at that point. Internally, SENSE connects to a
high-impedance wide-bandwidth amplifier through a resistor-divider network and noise pickup feeds through
to the regulator output. Routing the SENSE connection to minimize/avoid noise pickup is essential. Adding an
RC network between SENSE and OUT to filter noise is not recommended because it can cause the regulator
to oscillate.
external capacitor requirements
An input capacitor is not required; however, a ceramic bypass capacitor (0.047 pF to 0.1 µF) improves load
transient response and noise rejection if the TPS71xx is located more than a few inches from the power supply.
A higher-capacitance electrolytic capacitor may be necessary if large (hundreds of milliamps) load transients
with fast rise times are anticipated.
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POST OFFICE BOX 655303 DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
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