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ADC0801 View Datasheet(PDF) - Texas Instruments

Part NameDescriptionManufacturer
ADC0801 8-Bit P Compatible A/D Converters TI
Texas Instruments TI
ADC0801 Datasheet PDF : 48 Pages
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ADC0801, ADC0802
ADC0803, ADC0804, ADC0805
rON of SW 1 and SW 2 . 5 k
r=rON CSTRAY × 5 kx 12 pF = 60 ns
Figure 49. Analog Input Impedance
The voltage on this capacitance is switched and will result in currents entering the VIN(+) input pin and leaving
the VIN() input which will depend on the analog differential input voltage levels. These current transients occur
at the leading edge of the internal clocks. They rapidly decay and do not cause errors as the on-chip comparator
is strobed at the end of the clock period.
Fault Mode
If the voltage source applied to the VIN(+) or VIN() pin exceeds the allowed operating range of VCC+50 mV, large
input currents can flow through a parasitic diode to the VCC pin. If these currents can exceed the 1 mA max
allowed spec, an external diode (1N914) should be added to bypass this current to the VCC pin (with the current
bypassed with this diode, the voltage at the VIN(+) pin can exceed the VCC voltage by the forward voltage of this
Input Bypass Capacitors
Bypass capacitors at the inputs will average these charges and cause a DC current to flow through the output
resistances of the analog signal sources. This charge pumping action is worse for continuous conversions with
the VIN(+) input voltage at full-scale. For continuous conversions with a 640 kHz clock frequency with the VIN(+)
input at 5V, this DC current is at a maximum of approximately 5 µA. Therefore, bypass capacitors should not be
used at the analog inputs or the VREF/2 pin for high resistance sources (> 1 k). If input bypass capacitors are
necessary for noise filtering and high source resistance is desirable to minimize capacitor size, the detrimental
effects of the voltage drop across this input resistance, which is due to the average value of the input current,
can be eliminated with a full-scale adjustment while the given source resistor and input bypass capacitor are both
in place. This is possible because the average value of the input current is a precise linear function of the
differential input voltage.
Input Source Resistance
Large values of source resistance where an input bypass capacitor is not used, will not cause errors as the input
currents settle out prior to the comparison time. If a low pass filter is required in the system, use a low valued
series resistor (1 kΩ) for a passive RC section or add an op amp RC active low pass filter. For low source
resistance applications, (1 kΩ), a 0.1 μF bypass capacitor at the inputs will prevent noise pickup due to series
lead inductance of a long wire. A 100Ω series resistor can be used to isolate this capacitor — both the R and C
are placed outside the feedback loop — from the output of an op amp, if used.
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