|LM1084ISX-ADJ||5A Low Dropout Positive Regulators|
National ->Texas Instruments
|LM1084ISX-ADJ Datasheet PDF : 13 Pages |
Application Note (Continued)
Figure 3 shows a typical application using a fixed output
regulator. Rt1 and Rt2 are the line resistances. VLOAD is less
than the VOUT by the sum of the voltage drops along the line
resistances. In this case, the load regulation seen at the
RLOAD would be degraded from the data sheet specification.
To improve this, the load should be tied directly to the output
terminal on the positive side and directly tied to the ground
terminal on the negative side.
adjustment terminal. The adjust pin can take a transient
signal of ±25V with respect to the output voltage without
damaging the device.
When an output capacitor is connected to a regulator and
the input is shorted, the output capacitor will discharge into
the output of the regulator. The discharge current depends
on the value of the capacitor, the output voltage of the
regulator, and rate of decrease of VIN. In the LM1084 regu-
lator, the internal diode between the output and input pins
can withstand microsecond surge currents of 10A to 20A.
With an extremely large output capacitor (≥1000 µf), and
with input instantaneously shorted to ground, the regulator
could be damaged. In this case, an external diode is recom-
mended between the output and input pins to protect the
regulator, shown in Figure 5.
FIGURE 3. Typical Application using Fixed Output
When the adjustable regulator is used (Figure 4), the best
performance is obtained with the positive side of the resistor
R1 tied directly to the output terminal of the regulator rather
than near the load. This eliminates line drops from appearing
effectively in series with the reference and degrading regu-
lation. For example, a 5V regulator with 0.05Ω resistance
between the regulator and load will have a load regulation
due to line resistance of 0.05Ω x IL. If R1 (=125Ω) is con-
nected near the load the effective line resistance will be
0.05Ω (1 + R2/R1) or in this case, it is 4 times worse. In
addition, the ground side of the resistor R2 can be returned
near the ground of the load to provide remote ground sens-
ing and improve load regulation.
FIGURE 4. Best Load Regulation using Adjustable
Under normal operation, the LM1084 regulator does not
need any protection diode. With the adjustable device, the
internal resistance between the adjustment and output ter-
minals limits the current. No diode is needed to divert the
current around the regulator even with a capacitor on the
FIGURE 5. Regulator with Protection Diode
Overload recovery refers to regulator’s ability to recover from
a short circuited output. A key factor in the recovery process
is the current limiting used to protect the output from drawing
too much power. The current limiting circuit reduces the
output current as the input to output differential increases.
Refer to short circuit curve in the curve section.
During normal start-up, the input to output differential is
small since the output follows the input. But, if the output is
shorted, then the recovery involves a large input to output
differential. Sometimes during this condition the current lim-
iting circuit is slow in recovering. If the limited current is too
low to develop a voltage at the output, the voltage will
stabilize at a lower level. Under these conditions it may be
necessary to recycle the power of the regulator in order to
get the smaller differential voltage and thus adequate start
up conditions. Refer to curve section for the short circuit
current vs. input differential voltage.
ICs heats up when in operation, and power consumption is
one factor in how hot it gets. The other factor is how well the
heat is dissipated. Heat dissipation is predictable by knowing
the thermal resistance between the IC and ambient (θJA).
Thermal resistance has units of temperature per power (C/
W). The higher the thermal resistance, the hotter the IC.
The LM1084 specifies the thermal resistance for each pack-
age as junction to case (θJC). In order to get the total
resistance to ambient (θJA), two other thermal resistance
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