GND1 is the RF ground pin. GND2 and GND3 should be connected to GND1 by short, low-inductance traces.
VCC1 is the positive supply voltage pin for the transmitter output amplifier and the receiver base-band circuitry. VCC1 is
usually connected to the positive supply through a ferrite RF decoupling bead, which is bypassed by an RF capacitor on
the supply side. See the ASH Transceiver Designer’s Guide for additional information.
This pin controls the AGC reset operation. A capacitor between this pin and ground sets the minimum time the AGC will
hold-in once it is engaged. The hold-in time is set to avoid AGC chattering. For a given hold-in time tAGH, the capacitor
value CAGC is:
CAGC = 19.1* tAGH,where tAGH is in µs and CAGC is in pF
A ±10% ceramic capacitor should be used at this pin. The value of CAGC given above provides a hold-in time between tAGH
and 2.65* tAGH, depending on operating voltage, temperature, etc. The hold-in time is chosen to allow the AGC to ride
through the longest run of zero bits that can occur in a received data stream. The AGC hold-in time can be greater than the
peak detector decay time, as discussed below. However, the AGC hold-in time should not be set too long, or the receiver
will be slow in returning to full sensitivity once the AGC is engaged by noise or interference. The use of AGC is optional
when using OOK modulation with data pulses of at least 30 µs. AGC operation can be defeated by connecting this pin to
Vcc. Active or latched AGC operation is required for ASK modulation and/or for data pulses of less than 30 µs. The AGC
can be latched on once engaged by connecting a 150 K resistor between this pin and ground, instead of a capacitor. AGC
operation depends on a functioning peak detector, as discussed below. The AGC capacitor is discharged in the receiver
power-down (sleep) mode and in the transmit modes.
This pin controls the peak detector operation. A capacitor between this pin and ground sets the peak detector attack and
decay times, which have a fixed 1:1000 ratio. For most applications, these time constants should be coordinated with the
base-band time constant. For a given base-band capacitor CBBO, the capacitor value CPKD is:
CPKD = 0.33* CBBO , where CBBO and CPKD are in pF
A ±10% ceramic capacitor should be used at this pin. This time constant will vary between tPKA and 1.5* tPKA with varia-
tions in supply voltage, temperature, etc. The capacitor is driven from a 200 ohm “attack” source, and decays through a
200 K load. The peak detector is used to drive the “dB-below-peak” data slicer and the AGC release function. The AGC
hold-in time can be extended beyond the peak detector decay time with the AGC capacitor, as discussed above. Where
low data rates and OOK modulation are used, the “dB-below-peak” data slicer and the AGC are optional. In this case, the
PKDET pin and the THLD2 pin can be left unconnected, and the AGC pin can be connected to Vcc to reduce the number
of external components needed. The peak detector capacitor is discharged in the receiver power-down (sleep) mode and
in the transmit modes.
BBOUT is the receiver base-band output pin. This pin drives the CMPIN pin through a coupling capacitor CBBO for internal
data slicer operation. The time constant tBBC for this connection is:
tBBC = 0.064*CBBO , where tBBC is in µs and CBBO is in pF
A ±10% ceramic capacitor should be used between BBOUT and CMPIN. The time constant can vary between tBBC and
1.8*tBBC with variations in supply voltage, temperature, etc. The optimum time constant in a given circumstance will
depend on the data rate, data run length, and other factors as discussed in the ASH Transceiver Designer’s Guide. A com-
mon criteria is to set the time constant for no more than a 20% voltage droop during SPMAX. For this case:
CBBO = 70*SPMAX, where SPMAX is the maximum signal pulse width in µs and CBBO is in pF
The output from this pin can also be used to drive an external data recovery process (DSP, etc.). The nominal output
impedance of this pin is 1 K. When the receiver RF amplifiers are operating at a 50%-50% duty cycle, the BBOUT signal
changes about 10 mV/dB, with a peak-to-peak signal level of up to 685 mV. For lower duty cycles, the mV/dB slope and
peak-to-peak signal level are proportionately less. The signal at BBOUT is riding on a 1.1 Vdc value that varies somewhat
with supply voltage and temperature, so it should be coupled through a capacitor to an external load. A load impedance of
50 K to 500 K in parallel with no more than 10 pF is recommended. When an external data recovery process is used with
AGC, BBOUT must be coupled to the external data recovery process and CMPIN by separate series coupling capacitors.
The AGC reset function is driven by the signal applied to CMPIN. When the transceiver is in power-down (sleep) or in a
transmit mode, the output impedance of this pin becomes very high, preserving the charge on the coupling capacitor.
This pin is the input to the internal data slicers. It is driven from BBOUT through a coupling capacitor. The input impedance
of this pin is 70 K to 100 K.
RXDATA is the receiver data output pin. This pin will drive a 10 pF, 500 K parallel load. The peak current available from
this pin increases with the receiver low-pass filter cutoff frequency. In the power-down (sleep) or transmit modes, this pin
becomes high impedance. If required, a 1000 K pull-up or pull-down resistor can be used to establish a definite logic state
when this pin is high impedance. If a pull-up resistor is used, the positive supply end should be connected to a voltage no
greater than Vcc + 200 mV.
RF Monolithics, Inc. Phone: (972) 233-2903
Fax: (972) 387-8148
Phone: 44 1963 251383
Fax: 44 1963 251510
©1999 by RF Monolithics, Inc. The stylized RFM logo are registered trademarks of RF Monolithics, Inc.
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