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|Description||10/100 Mb/s Integrated PCI Ethernet Media Access Controller and Physical Layer (MacPhyter™)|
|DP83815 Datasheet PDF : 108 Pages |
3.0 Functional Description (Continued)
3.11 10BASE-T Transceiver Module
The 10BASE-T Transceiver Module is IEEE 802.3
compliant. It includes the receiver, transmitter, collision,
heartbeat, loopback, jabber, and link integrity functions, as
defined in the standard. An external filter is not required on
the 10BASE-T interface since this is integrated inside the
DP83815. This section focuses on the general 10BASE-T
system level operation.
3.11.1 Operational Modes
The DP83815 has two basic 10BASE-T operational
— Half Duplex mode - functions as a standard IEEE 802.3
10BASE-T transceiver supporting the CSMA/CD
— Full Duplex mode - capable of simultaneously
transmitting and receiving without reporting a collision.
The DP83815's 10 Mb/s ENDEC is designed to encode
and decode simultaneously.
3.11.2 Smart Squelch
The smart squelch is responsible for determining when
valid data is present on the differential receive inputs
(RD±). The DP83815 implements an intelligent receive
squelch to ensure that impulse noise on the receive inputs
will not be mistaken for a valid signal. Smart squelch
operation is independent of the 10BASE-T operational
The squelch circuitry employs a combination of amplitude
and timing measurements (as specified in the IEEE 802.3
10BASE-T standard) to determine the validity of data on
the twisted pair inputs (refer to Figure 3-14).
The signal at the start of packet is checked by the smart
squelch and any pulses not exceeding the squelch level
(either positive or negative, depending upon polarity) will
be rejected. Once this first squelch level is overcome
correctly, the opposite squelch level must then be
exceeded within 150 ns. Finally the signal must again
exceed the original squelch level within a 150 ns to ensure
that the input waveform will not be rejected. This checking
procedure results in the loss of typically three preamble bits
at the beginning of each packet.
Only after all these conditions have been satisfied will a
control signal be generated to indicate to the remainder of
the circuitry that valid data is present. At this time, the
smart squelch circuitry is reset.
Valid data is considered to be present until the squelch
level has not been generated for a time longer than 150 ns,
indicating the End of Packet. Once good data has been
detected the squelch levels are reduced to minimize the
effect of noise causing premature End of Packet detection.
<150 ns <150 ns
start of packet
end of packet
Figure 3-14 10BASE-T Twisted Pair Smart Squelch Operation
3.11.3 Collision Detection
3.11.4 Normal Link Pulse Detection/Generation
When in Half Duplex, a 10BASE-T collision is detected
when the receive and transmit channels are active
simultaneously. Collisions are reported to the MAC.
Collisions are also reported when a jabber condition is
If the ENDEC is receiving when a collision is detected it is
reported immediately (through the COL signal).
When heartbeat is enabled, approximately 1 µs after the
transmission of each packet, a Signal Quality Error (SQE)
signal of approximately 10 bit times is generated to indicate
The SQE test is inhibited when the physical layer is set in
full duplex mode. SQE can also be inhibited by setting the
HEARTBEAT_DIS bit in the TBTSCR register.
The link pulse generator produces pulses as defined in the
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T standard. Each link pulse is
nominally 100 ns in duration and transmitted every 16 ms
in the absence of transmit data.
Link pulses are used to check the integrity of the
connection with the remote end. If valid link pulses are not
received, the link detector disables the 10BASE-T twisted
pair transmitter, receiver and collision detection functions.
When the link integrity function is disabled
(FORCE_LINK_10 of the TBTSCR register), good link is
forced and the 10BASE-T transceiver will operate
regardless of the presence of link pulses.
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