|ADV7125BCPZ170-RL||CMOS, 330 MHz Triple 8-Bit High Speed Video DAC|
|ADV7125BCPZ170-RL Datasheet PDF : 16 Pages |
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
The ADV7125 contains three 8-bit DACs, with three input
channels, each containing an 8-bit register. Also integrated
on board the part is a reference amplifier. The CRT control
functions, BLANK and SYNC, are integrated on board the
There are 24 bits of pixel data (color information), R0 to R7,
G0 to G7, and B0 to B7, latched into the device on the rising
edge of each clock cycle. This data is presented to the three 8-bit
DACs and then converted to three analog (RGB) output wave-
forms (see Figure 4).
(R7 TO R0, G7 TO G0,
B7 TO B0,
(IOR, IOR, IOG, IOG,
Figure 4. Video Data Input/Output
The ADV7125 has two additional control signals that are latched
to the analog video outputs in a similar fashion. BLANK and
SYNC are each latched on the rising edge of CLOCK to maintain
synchronization with the pixel data stream.
The BLANK and SYNC functions allow for the encoding of
these video synchronization signals onto the RGB video output.
This is done by adding appropriately weighted current sources
to the analog outputs, as determined by the logic levels on the
BLANK and SYNC digital inputs.
Figure 5 shows the analog output, RGB video waveform of the
ADV7125. The influence of SYNC and BLANK on the analog
video waveform is illustrated.
RED AND BLUE
Table 7 details the resultant effect on the analog outputs of
BLANK and SYNC.
All these digital inputs are specified to accept TTL logic levels.
The CLOCK input of the ADV7125 is typically the pixel clock
rate of the system. It is also known as the dot rate. The dot rate,
and thus the required CLOCK frequency, is determined by the
on-screen resolution, according to the following equation:
Dot Rate = (Horiz Res) × (Vert Res) × (Refresh
Horiz Res is the number of pixels per line.
Vert Res is the number of lines per frame.
Refresh Rate is the horizontal scan rate. This is the rate at which
the screen must be refreshed, typically 60 Hz for a noninterlaced
system, or 30 Hz for an interlaced system.
Retrace Factor is the total blank time factor. This takes into
account that the display is blanked for a certain fraction of the
total duration of each frame (for example, 0.8).
Therefore, for a graphics system with a 1024 × 1024 resolution,
a noninterlaced 60 Hz refresh rate, and a retrace factor of 0.8,
Dot Rate = 1024 × 1024 × 60/0.8 = 78.6 MHz
The required CLOCK frequency is thus 78.6 MHz. All video
data and control inputs are latched into the ADV7125 on the
rising edge of CLOCK, as previously described in the Digital
Inputs section. It is recommended that the CLOCK input to the
ADV7125 be driven by a TTL buffer (for example, the 74F244).
1. OUTPUTS CONNECTED TO A DOUBLY TERMINATED 75Ω LOAD.
2. VREF = 1.235V, RSET = 530Ω.
3. RS-343 LEVELS AND TOLERANCES ASSUMED ON ALL LEVELS.
Figure 5. Typical RGB Video Output Waveform
Rev. C | Page 11 of 16
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