Differential Input Configurations
Optimum performance is achieved while driving the AD9609 in a
differential input configuration. For baseband applications, the
AD8138, ADA4937-2, and ADA4938-2 differential drivers provide
excellent performance and a flexible interface to the ADC.
The output common-mode voltage of the ADA4938-2 is easily
set with the VCM pin of the AD9609 (see Figure 37), and the
driver can be configured in a Sallen-Key filter topology to
provide band limiting of the input signal.
Figure 37. Differential Input Configuration Using the ADA4938-2
For baseband applications below ~10 MHz where SNR is a key
parameter, differential transformer-coupling is the recommended
input configuration. An example is shown in Figure 38. To bias
the analog input, the VCM voltage can be connected to the
center tap of the secondary winding of the transformer.
Figure 38. Differential Transformer-Coupled Configuration
The signal characteristics must be considered when selecting
a transformer. Most RF transformers saturate at frequencies
below a few megahertz (MHz). Excessive signal power can also
cause core saturation, which leads to distortion.
At input frequencies in the second Nyquist zone and above, the
noise performance of most amplifiers is not adequate to achieve
the true SNR performance of the AD9609. For applications above
~10 MHz where SNR is a key parameter, differential double balun
coupling is the recommended input configuration (see Figure 40).
An alternative to using a transformer-coupled input at frequencies
in the second Nyquist zone is to use the AD8352 differential driver.
An example is shown in Figure 41. See the AD8352 data sheet
for more information.
In any configuration, the value of Shunt Capacitor C is dependent
on the input frequency and source impedance and may need to
be reduced or removed. Table 9 displays the suggested values to set
the RC network. However, these values are dependent on the
input signal and should be used only as a starting guide.
Table 9. Example RC Network
Frequency Range (MHz)
0 to 70
70 to 200
C Differential (pF)
Single-Ended Input Configuration
A single-ended input can provide adequate performance in
cost-sensitive applications. In this configuration, SFDR and
distortion performance degrade due to the large input common-
mode swing. If the source impedances on each input are matched,
there should be little effect on SNR performance. Figure 39
shows a typical single-ended input configuration.
Figure 39. Single-Ended Input Configuration
Figure 40. Differential Double Balun Input Configuration
Figure 41. Differential Input Configuration Using the AD8352
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