|AD22100K||Voltage Output Temperature Sensor with Signal Conditioning|
|AD22100K Datasheet PDF : 6 Pages |
For example, with VS = 5.0 V, and TA = +25°C, the nominal
output of the AD22100 will be 1.9375 V. At VS = 5.50 V, the
nominal output will be 2.1313 V, an increase of 193.75 mV.
A proportionality error of 1% is applied to the 193.75 mV,
yielding an error term of 1.9375 mV. This error term translates
to a variation in output voltage of 2.1293 V to 2.3332 V. A
1.94 mV error at the output is equivalent to about 0.08°C error
If we substitute 150°C for 25°C in the above example, then the
error term translates to a variation in output voltage of 5.2203 V
to 5.2298 V. A 4.75 mV error at the output is equivalent to
about 0.19°C error in accuracy.
If the AD22100 is thermally attached and properly protected, it
can be used in any measuring situation where the maximum
range of temperatures encountered is between –50°C and
+150°C. Because plastic IC packaging technology is employed,
excessive mechanical stress must be avoided when fastening the
device with a clamp or screw-on heat tab. Thermally conduc-
tive epoxy or glue is recommended for typical mounting condi-
tions. In wet or corrosive environments, an electrically isolated
metal or ceramic well should be used to shield the AD22100.
Because the part has a voltage output (as opposed to current), it
offers modest immunity to leakage errors, such as those caused
by condensation at low temperatures.
THERMAL ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS
The thermal environment in which the AD22100 is used deter-
mines two performance traits: the effect of self-heating on accu-
racy and the response time of the sensor to rapid changes in
temperature. In the first case, a rise in the IC junction tempera-
ture above the ambient temperature is a function of two vari-
ables; the power consumption of the AD22100 and the thermal
resistance between the chip and the ambient environment θJA.
Self-heating error in °C can be derived by multiplying the power
dissipation by θJA. Because errors of this type can vary widely
for surroundings with different heat sinking capacities, it is nec-
essary to specify θJA under several conditions. Table I shows
how the magnitude of self-heating error varies relative to the en-
vironment. A typical part will dissipate about 2.2 mW at room
temperature with a 5 V supply and negligible output loading. In
still air, without a “heat sink,” the table below indicates a θJA of
190°C/W, yielding a temperature rise of 0.4°C. Thermal rise
will be considerably less in either moving air or with direct
physical connection to a solid (or liquid) body.
Table I. Thermal Resistance (TO-92)
τ (sec) *
Without Heat Sink
Without Heat Sink
*The time constant τ is defined as the time to reach 63.2% of the final
Response of the AD22100 output to abrupt changes in ambient
temperature can be modeled by a single time constant τ expo-
nential function. Figure 7 shows typical response time plots for
a few media of interest.
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
TIME – sec
Figure 7. Response Time
The time constant τ is dependent on θJA and the thermal
capacities of the chip and the package. Table I lists the effec-
tive τ (time to reach 63.2% of the final value) for a few different
media. Copper printed circuit board connections were
neglected in the analysis; however, they will sink or conduct
heat directly through the AD22100’s solder plated copper leads.
When faster response is required, a thermally conductive grease
or glue between the AD22100 and the surface temperature
being measured should be used.
MICROPROCESSOR A/D INTERFACE ISSUES
The AD22100 is especially well suited to providing a low cost
temperature measurement capability for microprocessor/
microcontroller based systems. Many inexpensive 8-bit micro-
processors now offer an onboard 8-bit ADC capability at a mod-
est cost premium. Total “cost of ownership” then becomes a
function of the voltage reference and analog signal conditioning
necessary to mate the analog sensor with the microprocessor
ADC. The AD22100 can provide an ideal low cost system by
eliminating the need for a precision voltage reference and any
additional active components. The ratiometric nature of the
AD22100 allows the microprocessor to use the same power sup-
ply as its ADC reference. Variations of hundreds of millivolts in
the supply voltage have little effect as both the AD22100 and
the ADC use the supply as their reference. The nominal
AD22100 signal range of 0.25 V to 4.75 V (–50°C to +150°C)
makes good use of the input range of a 0 V to 5 V ADC. A
single resistor and capacitor are recommended to provide im-
munity to the high speed charge dump glitches seen at many
microprocessor ADC inputs (see Figure 1).
An 8-bit ADC with a reference of 5 V will have a least signifi-
cant bit (LSB) size of 5 V/256 = 19.5 mV. This corresponds to
a nominal resolution of about 0.87°C.
|Direct download click here|
|Share Link :|