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ICL3221CA View Datasheet(PDF) - Intersil

Part NameICL3221CA Intersil
Intersil Intersil
Description1 Microamp Supply-Current, +3V to +5.5V, 250kbps, RS-232 Transmitters/Receivers
ICL3221CA Datasheet PDF : 28 Pages
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ICL3221, ICL3222, ICL3223, ICL3232, ICL3241, ICL3243
2.7V
0.3V
-0.3V
-2.7V
VALID RS-232 LEVEL - ICL32XX IS ACTIVE
INDETERMINATE - POWERDOWN MAY OR
MAY NOT OCCUR
INVALID LEVEL - POWERDOWN OCCURS AFTER 30ms
INDETERMINATE - POWERDOWN MAY OR
MAY NOT OCCUR
VALID RS-232 LEVEL - ICL32XX IS ACTIVE
FIGURE 6. DEFINITION OF VALID RS-232 RECEIVER LEVELS
Automatic powerdown operates when the FORCEON input
is low, and the FORCEOFF input is high. Tying FORCEON
high disables automatic powerdown, but manual powerdown
is always available via the overriding FORCEOFF input.
Table 2 summarizes the automatic powerdown functionality.
Devices with the automatic powerdown feature include an
INVALID output signal, which switches low to indicate that
invalid levels have persisted on all of the receiver inputs for
more than 30µs (See Figure 7). INVALID switches high 1µs
after detecting a valid RS-232 level on a receiver input.
INVALID operates in all modes (forced or automatic
powerdown, or forced on), so it is also useful for systems
employing manual powerdown circuitry. When automatic
powerdown is utilized, INVALID = 0 indicates that the
ICL32XX is in powerdown mode.
RECEIVER
INPUTS
INVALID
} REGION
TRANSMITTER
OUTPUTS
INVALID VCC
OUTPUT 0
V+
tINVL
AUTOPWDN
VCC
0
V-
tINVH
PWR UP
FIGURE 7. AUTOMATIC POWERDOWN AND INVALID
TIMING DIAGRAMS
The time to recover from automatic powerdown mode is
typically 100µs.
Receiver ENABLE Control (ICL3221/22/23/41 Only)
Several devices also feature an EN input to control the
receiver outputs. Driving EN high disables all the inverting
(standard) receiver outputs placing them in a high
impedance state. This is useful to eliminate supply current,
due to a receiver output forward biasing the protection diode,
when driving the input of a powered down (VCC = GND)
peripheral (See Figure 2). The enable input has no effect on
transmitter nor monitor (ROUTB) outputs.
Capacitor Selection
The charge pumps require 0.1µF capacitors for 3.3V
operation. For other supply voltages refer to Table 3 for
capacitor values. Do not use values smaller than those listed
in Table 3. Increasing the capacitor values (by a factor of 2)
reduces ripple on the transmitter outputs and slightly
reduces power consumption. C2, C3, and C4 can be
increased without increasing C1’s value, however, do not
increase C1 without also increasing C2, C3, and C4 to
maintain the proper ratios (C1 to the other capacitors).
When using minimum required capacitor values, make sure
that capacitor values do not degrade excessively with
temperature. If in doubt, use capacitors with a larger nominal
value. The capacitor’s equivalent series resistance (ESR)
usually rises at low temperatures and it influences the
amount of ripple on V+ and V-.
TABLE 3. REQUIRED CAPACITOR VALUES
VCC
(V)
C1
C2, C3, C4
(µF)
(µF)
3.0 to 3.6
0.1
0.1
4.5 to 5.5
0.047
0.33
3.0 to 5.5
0.1
0.47
Power Supply Decoupling
In most circumstances a 0.1µF bypass capacitor is
adequate. In applications that are particularly sensitive to
power supply noise, decouple VCC to ground with a
capacitor of the same value as the charge-pump capacitor C1.
Connect the bypass capacitor as close as possible to the IC.
Operation Down to 2.7V
ICL32XX transmitter outputs meet RS-562 levels (±3.7V), at
full data rate, with VCC as low as 2.7V. RS-562 levels
typically ensure interoperability with RS-232 devices.
Transmitter Outputs when Exiting
Powerdown
Figure 8 shows the response of two transmitter outputs
when exiting powerdown mode. As they activate, the two
transmitter outputs properly go to opposite RS-232 levels,
with no glitching, ringing, nor undesirable transients. Each
transmitter is loaded with 3kin parallel with 2500pF. Note
that the transmitters enable only when the magnitude of the
supplies exceed approximately 3V.
13
FN4805.21
March 1, 2006
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One Microamp Supply-Current, +3V to +5.5V, 250kbps, RS-232 Transmitters/Receivers


The Intersil ICL32XX devices are 3.0V to 5.5V powered RS-232 transmitters/receivers which meet ElA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 specifications, even at VCC= 3.0V. Targeted applications are PDAs, Palmtops, and notebook and laptop computers where the low operational, and even lower standby, power consumption is critical. Efficient on-chip charge pumps, coupled with manual and automatic powerdown functions (except for the ICL3232), reduce the standby supply current to a 1µA trickle. Small footprint packaging, and the use of small, low value capacitors ensure board space savings as well. Data rates greater than 250kbps are guaranteed at worst case load onditions. This family is fully compatible with3.3V only systems, mixed 3.3V and 5.0V systems, and 5.0V only systems.

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