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1-100707-01 View Datasheet(PDF) - Sensitron

Part NameDescriptionManufacturer
1-100707-01 Humidity and Temperature Sensor SENSITRON
Sensitron SENSITRON
1-100707-01 Datasheet PDF : 12 Pages
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Datasheet SHT21
commands from the master (MCU). Current consumption
during start up is 350µA maximum.
5.2 Start / Stop Sequence
Each transmission sequence begins with Start condition
(S) and ends with Stop condition (P) as displayed in Figure
11 and Figure 12.
70%
SCL
30%
70%
SDA
30%
Figure 11 Transmission Start Condition (S) - a high to low
transition on the SDA line while SCL is high. The Start condition
is a unique state on the bus created by the master, indicating to
the slaves the beginning of a transmission sequence (bus is
considered busy after a Start).
70%
SCL
30%
70%
SDA
30%
Figure 12 Transmission Stop Condition (P) - a low to high
transition on the SDA line while SCL is high. The Stop condition
is a unique state on the bus created by the master, indicating to
the slaves the end of a transmission sequence (bus is
considered free after a Stop).
5.3 Sending a Command
After sending the Start condition, the subsequent I2C
header consists of the 7-bit I2C device address ‘1000’000’
and an SDA direction bit (Read R: ‘1’, Write W: ‘0’). The
sensor indicates the proper reception of a byte by pulling
the SDA pin low (ACK bit) after the falling edge of the 8th
SCL clock. After the issue of a measurement command
(‘1110’0011’ for temperature, ‘1110’0101’ for relative
humidity’), the MCU must wait for the measurement to
complete. The basic commands are summarized in Table
6. Hold master or no hold master modes are explained in
next Section.
Command
Trigger T measurement
Trigger RH measurement
Trigger T measurement
Trigger RH measurement
Write user register
Read user register
Soft reset
Comment
Code
hold master 1110’0011
hold master 1110’0101
no hold master 1111’0011
no hold master 1111’0101
1110’0110
1110’0111
1111’1110
Table 6 Basic command set, RH stands for relative humidity,
and T stands for temperature
5.4 Hold / No Hold Master Mode
There are two different operation modes to communicate
with the sensor: Hold Master mode or No Hold Master
mode. In the first case the SCL line is blocked (controlled
by sensor) during measurement process while in the latter
case the SCL line remains open for other communication
while the sensor is processing the measurement. No hold
master mode allows for processing other I2C
communication tasks on a bus while the sensor is
measuring. A communication sequence of the two modes
is displayed in Figure 13 and Figure 14, respectively.
In the hold master mode, the SHT2x pulls down the SCL
line while measuring to force the master into a wait state.
By releasing the SCL line the sensor indicates that internal
processing is terminated and that transmission may be
continued.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
S10000000 11100101
I2C address + write
Command (see Table 6)
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
S10000001
Measurement
I2C address + read
Hold during measurement
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
01100011 01010010
Data (MSB)
Data (LSB) Stat.
46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
01100011 P
Checksum
Figure 13 Hold master communication sequence – grey blocks
are controlled by SHT2x. Bit 45 may be changed to NACK
followed by Stop condition (P) to omit checksum transmission.
In no hold master mode, the MCU has to poll for the
termination of the internal processing of the sensor. This is
done by sending a Start condition followed by the I2C
header (1000’0001) as shown in Figure 14. If the internal
processing is finished, the sensor acknowledges the poll of
the MCU and data can be read by the MCU. If the
measurement processing is not finished the sensor
answers no ACK bit and the Start condition must be
issued once more.
For both modes, since the maximum resolution of a
measurement is 14 bit, the two last LSBs (bits 43 and 44)
are used for transmitting status information. Bit 1 of the
two LSBs indicates the measurement type (‘0’:
temperature, ‘1’ humidity). Bit 0 is currently not assigned.
www.sensirion.com
Version 1.0 – January 2010
7/12
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