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ISB35832 HCMOS STRUCTURED ARRAY ST-Microelectronics
STMicroelectronics ST-Microelectronics
ISB35832 Datasheet PDF : 15 Pages
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ISB35000 SERIES
TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
The design of ISB35000 internal cell is a proprietary
design variation of the CONTINUOUS ARRAY ar-
chitecture previously used in ISB12000, 18000,
and 24000 array families. This proprietary (patent
pending) configuration has been named THE DOU-
BLE BUFFER CELL. This configuration provides a
core that is completely filled with potently active
transistors. Surrounding the core are configura-
tional specialized transistors forming a Sea of I/O
giving a high degree of flexibility to the system
designer. The ISB35000 supports the routing of
signals over unused transistors as needed. Three
levels of metal are utilized, intracell and intercell
wiring are limited to first metal with second and third
metal levels dedicated to interconnect wiring and
power distribution.
The basic cell is made up of four N and four P type
transistors that are vertically arranged. The centre
two pairs of transistor have common polysilicon
Figure 2. Internal Core Cell
10 µm
30 µm
ISB35_PA
gates, while the outer two pairs have separate
gates for the polysilicon transistors. The cell was
configured to allow extremely high density macro
design for internal macro cell counts over one
million gates while enabling paralleling of transis-
tors to allow high drive capability and the symmetry
of the rise and fall of macro outputs hence the
DOUBLE BUFFER name. Each cell has twelve
horizontal wiring channels on first metal, four verti-
cal wiring channels on second metal and a further
twelve channels on third metal. The HCMOS5 proc-
ess technology allows for adjacent vias and
stacked via1, via2 with or without silicon contacts.
The transistor width utilized by the DOUBLE BUFF-
ER cell is very small as compared to previous
technologies. Even though the basic cell consists
of eight transistors adjacent macros share transis-
tors across the cell borders allowing high density
usage of the resources.
Macros are constructed using resources from one
half cell to tens of cells dependent upon the com-
plexity of the function. The transistors within and
between cells are placed adjacent to each other
sharing source and drain regions. All isolation is
achieved by cutting off adjacent source drain re-
gions with turned off transistors.
A further feature of the Double Buffer cell that helps
allow it to obtain very high density usage is the
proprietary (patent pending) method of localized
power distribution. A major feature of the HCMOS5
process is salicided active areas. This results in
source drain areas that are of one to two ohms
resistance as opposed to the hundreds or thou-
sands of ohms of source drain resistance in pre-
vious technologies. This very low resistance is one
reason that very low transistor widths could be
utilized in the cell design since drive is not lost due
to source drain resistance. This use of low width
transistors results in lower capacitance loading of
the gates due to the smaller areas utilized. Low
resistance, low capacitance, and small gates re-
sults in low power usage for inverters as compared
to previous ISB technologies. This reduction in
power allows the use of salicided active stripes for
power distribution replacing the first level metal
buses used in previous technologies. This removal
of the metal one power buses simplified macro
layout allowing additional wiring resources to be left
for the router allowing a higher density usage of the
array than would be achievable with previous
power distribution techniques. One other gain in the
performance of the array and its usability for the
customer was derived from the use of the salicided
3/15
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